You are advised to select the best Jigsaw Mat to become comfortable in your choice of sports. The martial art mats are particularly designed with cushioning which are put on the floor, which allow both newbies and masters to exercise their martial art properly, steering clear of any kind of injury risks and staying away from unneeded strain on your legs and back.
In order to be a master in martial arts, one should practice every single day, and in case you do not have superior quality mats to land on, the following are several aspects for you to consider to opt for jigsaw mats.
Appearance and quality
You should always purchase new jigsaw mats as they offer higher quality contrasted to the used mats. This indicates that they will be more sturdy and you will additionally be able to keep them better. Brand new mats additionally have a much better appearance. With new mats, you will be in a position to select one that satisfies the appearance of your interior.
Size of the Mats
The mat’s dimensions of your choice should fit your favoured area. Make sure that you know the accurate size of the mat before you purchase. Jigsaw Martial Arts mats come in many sizes, 20mm, 30mm, and 40mm. The different thickness appeal to the different martial art form, when choosing the perfect mats for your gym look into what thickness is required for your style. For MMA and Karate try 20mm Jigsaw Mats, for Wrestling, Judo, and Ju-Jitsu try 40mm, for more protection
Variety of functions
The soft and bouncy mats can be applied for several means of reasons such as:
For Competitions: The mats allow you to set up a tournament in a cheap and quick manner. Most jigsaw mats have a different colour on each side, thus you could create many rings for the tournament. Additionally, jigsaw mats are extremely light, making it easy to transport, assembling and storing
For outdoor use: Jigsaw mats like EVA jigsaw mats are waterproof, so if you wish to train outside and you are worried about getting it wet or dirty then jigsaw mats are the perfect choice for you. Since they are waterproof, if you happen to get dirt on them you could always wash them off with a spray of water. In addition, the cheaper price of jigsaw mats will also help ease your worry about losing them outdoors.
For home gyms: Over the years, jigsaw mats are becoming increasingly popular for gyms at home. If you wish to save money by training at home without risking your safety, jigsaw mats are the perfect option. You could easily customise them to fit your home gym by cutting them to a suitable size. In addition, they are extremely durable, so you would not have to worry about breaking them.
MMA mats tend to range from 1 to 2 inches in thickness, however, thicker isn’t always better. The appropriate thickness of your mat would be dependent on the discipline/s you teach in the gym. The 1-inch thick mats would provide a good protection against light falls, however, the high firmness will provide the support for standing up and moving. The 2-inch mats would be ideal for ground and pound and MMA.
All of the above are a few important aspects that you can consider when you think of buying jigsaw mats. Put your trust in Southern Cross Mats to be your choice of the leading supplier for premium jigsaw mats! Give us a call on 1300 168 828 or get in touch online to find out more.
The mat you choose for your gyms, MMA training centres or any indoor sports activities arena matters so much with regards to functionality & safety. With that in mind, the interlocking mats have come to be prevalent around the world for a number of purposes. Frequently known as the jigsaw mats, the interlock floor mats are shaped just like the structure of jigsaw puzzle to attenuate the effect of the athlete fall.
However, there are plenty of uses (and benefits!) for jigsaw mats, making them an extremely versatile and economical option for flooring. While it is often used for MMA and yoga, there are many alternative uses for the jigsaw mat. Whether being used at home or commercial locations, these are a few of the many uses of jigsaw mats.
Places That Use Jigsaw Mats
The flooring of industrial facilities is often hard, rough and extremely comfortable, especially when you have to spend hours standing. Jigsaw mats are a great way to help soften the workplace floor and it provides protection for your employee as well as the product. Whether it is an employee or a product falling on the floor, jigsaw mats are softer and better to come in contact with.
Daycare & Playroom
Jigsaw mats are made from soft and protective foam so it is the perfect surface for daycare centres and playrooms. They are designed to protect martial arts and MMA athletes in training, so they are very suitable for the fighting games and roughhousing that happens when children are playing together. In addition, jigsaw mats come in numerous colourways, which allows you to customize the look of the flooring so that it matches your home’s design.
If the floor on your basement is hard and cold concrete that causes discomfort and it requires you to wear a pair of shoes to keep your feet warm then you should consider getting jigsaw mats for your basement flooring. They are the perfect solution as they are easy to put in, making the floor much more pleasant to walk on. Furthermore, they are so easy to placed and pick up to clean and disinfect, allowing you to prevent mould from growing.
New and modern offices are finding ways to stand out, making their space more unique and comfortable. Jigsaw mats could be used for flooring in an office space, especially for the in-office recreation area. Furthermore, if your office space has a standing desks area, jigsaw mats are a great way to increase comfort for your employees.
Jigsaw mats are extremely easy to set up and to detach. Since they an alike to jigsaw puzzles, just pack the elements and they are prepared for transportation. The mats are light in weight hence they are light to carry, keep and relocate. You can try 20mm jigsaw mats for martial arts and karate. As for wrestling, judo, and Jiu-Jitsu, you can go with the 40mm size to give you more protection
If you are just starting to build your gym or facilities and you have a tight budget to work it, then you could never go wrong with brand new jigsaw mats. Top-quality jigsaw mats can be purchased through the leading Australian jigsaw mats supplier like Southern Cross Mats. Give us a call on 1300 168 828 to discover more about jigsaw mats!
Martial Arts is an entirely full-contact combat sports activity and some injuries are to be anticipated whenever you are getting your lights smacked out by whoever it is that you are up for combating against. Usually, amongst the last things anybody would think about is the flooring. Performing MMA on a hard floor will take its toll on the physical in a few ways. Carrying on forms, running through strategies, or live training on a difficult floor can rapidly wear down your legs, back, as well as your knees.
Whenever getting slammed on the flooring during the course of a throw, severe injury could take place in joints, bones, and your head. You have to have proper matting the training space for the sake of your poor body–hence, it is the most maximum importance. Selecting the ideal mat is crucial, you can purchase quality mats from a top supplier of martial arts mats that are perfect for all sorts of martial arts as well as multi-purpose training.
Wrestling or Folding Mats
These kinds of mats are a lot more popular in use of a wrestling style of martial arts. These choices of matting are smooth, light in weight, simple to clean as well as offer ease in folding or customizing. Created with a level of high impact foam and covered with a protective, non-sticky vinyl, these matting are effective for martial arts styles such as grappling, aikido, jiu-jitsu, and also judo. Fairly a favoured wrestling matting option for the home dojo situation, the foldable mats are compact and can be placed down on the flooring whenever necessary and is just as easy to keep. These mats are able to expand and can conveniently be taped or glued using velcro together to create wider training floors..
Roll Out Mats
The latest sort of mat that has been formulated is a martial art mat or also known as roll-out mat. Roll out matting comprise of solid top surface, and yet a gentler foam surface beneath. This enables the judo practician to maneuver around on the mat, without having their feet to sink in, as well as being in a position to become slammed to the ground. These choice of matting are also the most favoured option for combined martial arts (MMA) training. Home users even like these mats because they are transportable and can be folded up and kept after use.
Competition Landing Mats
If you look for ideal mats designed for high impact landings, you can go with crash pads that have at least two inches of thickness or more for punches. Foldable mats and Crash Pads are around in thicknesses up to twelve inches and are manufactured with long-lasting eighteen oz commercial grade vinyl covers. These are perfect for exercising falls, rolls as well as takedowns.
MMA Jigsaw Mats
Martial arts jigsaw mats are ideal for fitness centres and dojos, large and small. The jigsaw mats are for sale in a number of weights and sizes to accommodate your requirements. They are secure and stimulate stability. Additionally, they are also lightweight, which means you could move the flooring to anywhere it is necessary for competition and training. The jigsaw mats for martial arts are usually found in combat activities such as kickboxing and taekwondo.
There are numerous mats and flooring choices available these days fashioned to make your martial arts training much safer and comfier. Every type of mat has its own design and provides its own purpose. Look no further than Southern Cross Mats to supply you premium quality gym training mats & interlocking jigsaw mats across Australia.
Are you planning to open a new gym and don’t know where to source all you floor mats and wall mats? Well look no further the Southern Cross Mats. We are the premier supplier for martial arts clubs and gym throughout Australia. We have all the mats you need for your next school or new training gym. We have a full range of anti-fatigue mats and safety mats to cover your floors and walls. These are necessary to ensure a safe environment for your students from injury. To check out range by visiting Click Here. Here we have our full range of gym mats on display.
The range of great gym mats that we supply includes:
Wall Mats – The wall padding has 30mm thick foam and 9mm timber backing.
MMA Mats – Our MMA mats have a smooth finish and are 2m x 1m x 40mm.
Tatami Mats – Our tatami mats have a traditional tatami finish and are made from heavy duty material and compressed foam.
Foam gym mats – We have a range of 20mm, 30mm and 40mm jigsaw mats. Our EVA gym mats come in a variety of colours for you to choose from.
When fitting out your next gym contact Southern Cross Mats and we will be glad to help. We will help you better then anyone else.
These fighting styles are often classified according to common traits, identified as “families” (家; jiā), “sects” (派; pài) or “schools” (門, mén) of martial arts. Examples of such traits include physical exercises involving animal mimicry, or training methods inspired by Chinese philosophies, religions and legends.
Styles that focus on qi manipulation are called internal (内家拳;nèijiāquán), while others that concentrate on improving muscle and cardiovascular fitness are called “external” (外家拳;wàijiāquán).
The Legendary Bruce Lee
Chinese Kung Fu was make famous by the legendary Bruce Lee. Bruce Lee was Yip Man‘s star student and was better than all the others. He was his disciple.
Another famous style is Tadic Gar which was invented in the legendary kitchen of Appetito’s, formerly located at Darling Harbour. The unknown founder was a legend in his own mind.
Mats For Training
Whilst traditionally kung fu was trained in a dirt or wooden floor, These days you are more likely to find EVA mats or jigsaw mats. They generally wouldn’t be using pilates mats unless they were training alone.
Mixed martial arts (MMA) is a full contact combat sport that allows the use of both striking and grappling techniques, both standing and on the ground, from a variety of other combat sports. Various mixed style contests took place throughout Europe, Japan and the Pacific Rim during the early 1900s.
The combat sport of vale tudo that had developed in Brazil from the 1920s was brought to the United States by the Gracie family in 1993 with the founding of the Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC). It is what most people first experienced when they heard about MMA.
The legendary Bruce Lee is also credited with being one of the early promoters of the idea of mixed martial arts. He was notorious for seeking out the best techniques of different martial arts and combined them into a hybrid system. It became to be what was eventually known as Jun Fan and then Jeet Kune Do.
The people at Southern Cross Mats are great fans of mixed martial arts. That is one of the reasons we have sourced some of the best MMA mats in the world. If you are looking at setting up a MMA school then you should consider our mats first. Your students will love them and so will you.
EVA interlocking jigsaw mats such as those sold bySouthern Cross Mats are a form or safety flooring commonly used by a variety of martial arts. They are also popular with other physical activities that require safety flooring.
They are used to minimise the impact of falling during training. All martial arts have training methods which from time to time necessitate falling to the floor. InMMA where there is combination of martial arts including judo and wrestling students can be expected to throw one another on to the mats. Jigsaw mats are an excellent way to mitigate the effects of being thrown or falling. Also where there is grappling or rolling on the flour jigsaw mats help create a clean even surface for training to take place.
What is EVA mat made from?
EVA (Ethylene vinyl acetate) is one of the materials popularly known as expanded rubber or foam rubber. It is used as padding in equipment for various sports such as ski boots, bicycle saddles, hockey pads, boxing and mixed martial arts gloves and helmets, wakeboard boots, waterski boots, fishing rods and fishing reel handles. They are typically used as a shock absorber in sports shoes, for example. It is used for the manufacture of floats for commercial fishing gear such as purse seine (seine fishing) and gillnets. In addition, because of its buoyancy, EVA has made its way into non-traditional products such as floating eyewear.
There are also uses in the photovoltaics industry as an encapsulation material for silicon cells in the manufacture of photovoltaic modules. Even EVA slippers and sandals are currently very popular because of their properties like light weight, easy to mould, odourless, glossy finish, and cheaper compared to natural rubber. In fishing rods, it is used to construct handles on the rod-butt end. It is also a fact that EVA can be used as a substitute for cork in many applications.
EVA Interlocking Jigsaw mats
EVA is used in the manufacture of the Adidas Jabulani football and Native shoes. It is used in orthotics, fire safe cigarettes (FSC), surfboard and skimboard traction pads, and for the manufacturing of some artificial flowers. EVA can easily be cut from sheets and molded to shape. It is also used to make thermoplastic mouthguards that soften in boiling water for a user specific fit. It is also used for impregnation of leather.
Additional uses are in the making of nicotine transdermal patches since the copolymer binds well with other agents to form gel like substances. Strangely EVA is also sometimes used for making body bags. So EVA is a multi-purpose product used in a number of products not just jigsaw mats.
What are Interlocking Jigsaw mats?
The jigsaw mats is modelled on the same concept of jigsaw puzzle mats. A jigsaw puzzle is a tiling puzzle that requires the assembly of numerous small, often oddly shaped, interlocking and tessellating pieces. Each piece usually has a small part of a picture on it; when complete, a jigsaw puzzle produces a complete picture. In some cases more advanced types have appeared on the market, such as spherical jigsaws and puzzles showing optical illusions.
Jigsaw mats are available in a number of different thicknesses. The activity usually determines what thickness is used. The higher the impact the thicker the mat. So for example activities such as judo will user a thicker jigsaw mat then say aerobics. Both activities require jigsaw mats to minimise effects on the body and joints.
Specifications for Interlocking Jigsaw mats
Specs for our 20mm jigsaw mats below:
STRIPES: T stripes
COLOR： red/blue, black/red, black/grey, black/yellow
PACKING: 5PCS/woven bag
Specs for our 30mm jigsaw mats below:
STRIPES: T stripes
COLOR： red/blue, black/red, black/grey, black/yellow
PACKING: 5PCS/woven bag
Specs for our 40mm jigsawmats below:
STRIPES: T stripes
COLOR： red/blue, black/red, black/grey, black/yellow
PACKING: 5PCS/woven bag
Wing Chun, also known as Ving Tsun or Wing Tsun, is a concept-based Chinese martial art and form of self-defence utilising both striking and grappling while specialising in real world, close-range combat.
Wing Chun is practiced globally in over 64 countries and is the world’s most popular form of Southern Kung Fu.
Wing Chun was made popular by Hong Kong based master Yip Man. He later taught the legendary movie actor Bruce Lee whose popularity spread the system world-wide. Mass emigration of Wing Chun practitioners throughout the world further ensured the spread of the system on a global scale.
History of Wing Chun
The earliest known mentions of Wing Chun date to the period of Red Boat Opera.
The common legend involves the young woman Yim Wing-chun, (Wing Chun literally means ‘forever springtime’ or ‘praising spring’,) at the time after the destruction of the Southern Shaolin Temple and its associated temples by the Qing government:
After Yim Wing-Chun rebuffed the local warlord’s marriage offer, she said she’d reconsider his proposal if he could beat her in a fight. She soon crossed paths with a Buddhist nun – Ng Mui, who was one of the Shaolin Sect survivors, and asked the nun to teach her fighting.
The legend goes that Ng Mui taught Yim Wing-Chun a new system of martial art that had been inspired by Ng Mui’s observations of a confrontation between a Snake and a Crane; this then-still nameless style enabled Yim Wing Chun to beat the warlord in a one-on-one fight. Yim Wing-Chun thereafter married Leung Bac-Chou and taught him the style, which was later named after her.
Since the system was developed during the Shaolin and Ming resistance to the Qing Dynasty, many legends about the creator of Wing Chun were spread to confuse enemies, including the story of Yim Wing Chun. This perhaps explains why no one has been able to accurately determine the creator or creators of Wing Chun.
Balance, structure and stance
Some Wing Chun practitioners believe that the person with better body structure will win. A correct Wing Chun stance is like a piece of bamboo, firm but flexible, rooted but yielding. This structure is used to either deflect external forces or redirect them.
Balance is related to structure because a well-balanced body recovers more quickly from stalled attacks and structure is maintained. Wing Chun trains the awareness of one’s own body movement derived from muscular, tendon, and articular sources. Performing Wing Chun’s forms such as Chum Kiu or the Wooden Dummy form greatly improve proprioception.
Wing Chun favours a high, narrow stance with the elbows kept close to the body. Within the stance, arms are positioned across the vitals of the centerline. Shifting or turning within a stance is carried out variantly on the heels, balls, or middle (K1 or Kidney 1 point) of the foot depending on lineage.
Attacks and Counter Attacks
All attacks and counter-attacks are initiated from this firm, stable base. Wing Chun rarely compromises structure for more powerful attacks because this is believed to create defensive openings which may be exploited.
Structure is viewed as important, not only for reasons of defense, but also for attack. When the practitioner is effectively “rooted”, or aligned so as to be braced against the ground, the force of the hit is believed to be far more devastating. Additionally, the practice of “settling” one’s opponent to brace them more effectively against the ground aids in delivering as much force as possible to them.
Softness (via relaxation) and performing techniques in a relaxed manner, is fundamental to Wing Chun.
Tension reduces punching speed and power. Muscles act in pairs in opposition to each other (e.g. biceps and triceps). If the arm is tensed, maximum punching speed cannot be achieved as the biceps will be opposing the extension of the arm. In Wing Chun, the arm should be relaxed before beginning the punching motion.
Unnecessary muscle tension wastes energy and causes fatigue.
Tense, stiff arms are less fluid and sensitive during trapping and chi sao.
A tense, stiff limb provides an easy handle for an opponent to push or pull with, whereas a relaxed limb provides an opponent less to work with.
A relaxed, but focused, limb affords the ability to feel “holes” or weaknesses in the opponent’s structure (see Sensitivity section). With the correct forwarding these “holes” grant a path into attacking the opponent.
Muscular struggle reduces a fight to who is stronger. Minimum brute strength in all movement becomes an equalizer in uneven strength confrontations. This is very much in the spirit of the tale of Ng Mui.
While the existence of a “central axis” concept is unified in Wing Chun, the interpretation of the centerline concept itself is not. Many variations exist, with some lineages defining anywhere from a single “centerline” to multiple lines of interaction and definition.
Traditionally the centerline is considered to be the vertical axis from the top of a human’s head to the groin. The human body’s prime striking targets are considered to be on or near this line, including eyes, nose, throat, solar plexus, stomach, pelvis and groin.
Wing Chun techniques are generally “closed”, with the limbs drawn in to protect the central area and also to maintain balance. In most circumstances, the hands do not move beyond the vertical circle that is described by swinging the arms in front, with the hands crossed at the wrists.
To reach outside this area, footwork is used. A large emphasis and time investment in training Chi Sao exercise emphasizes positioning to dominate this centerline. The stance and guard all point at or through the center to concentrate physical and mental intent of the entire body to the one target.
Wing Chun practitioners attack within this central area to transmit force more effectively, since it targets the “core center” (or “mother line”, another center defined in some lineages and referring to the vertical axis of the human body where the center of gravity lies). For example, striking an opponent’s shoulder will twist the body, dispelling some of the force and weakening the strike, as well as compromising the striker’s position. Striking closer to the center transmits more force directly into the body.
Due to the emphasis on the center line, the straight punch is the most common strike in Wing Chun. However, the principle of simultaneous attack and defense (Lin Sil Die Dar) suggests that all movements in the Siu Nim Tau with a forward execution flow into a strike if no effective resistance is met, without need for recomposure.
Other explicit examples of punches can be found in the Chum Kiu and Bil Jee forms, although these punches may appear to be superficially different they are simply the result of the punch beginning from a different origin position while following the same fundamental idea, to punch in a straight line following the shortest distance between the fist and the opponent.
The punch is the most basic and fundamental in Wing Chun and is usually thrown with the elbow down and in front of the body. Depending on the lineage, the fist is held anywhere from vertical to horizontal (palm side up). The contact points also vary from the top two knuckles, to the middle two knuckles, to the bottom three knuckles. In some lineages of Wing Chun, the fist is swiveled at the wrist on point of impact so that the bottom three knuckles are thrust forward adding power to the punch while it is at maximum extension.
The punches may be thrown in quick succession in a “straight blast” or “chain punching”. When executed correctly, it can be used as a disorienting finisher.
When executing the punch, you must relax and use your shoulders. The punch comes from the body and not the arm. Like most other punches in martial arts, Wing Chun punches with the body.
Wing Chun is often criticized for encouraging weaker punches that do not utilize the whole body. However, as per the formal name of the punch (which is translated as “The Sun-character Rushing Punch (or Hammer in Cantonese)”, a practitioner typically would thrust their full body weight towards their opponent, with the fist as the “nail”, and their body as the “hammer”. With each successive punch, the practitioner would step in closer and closer to the opponent, driving the fists forward as a hammer drives a nail.
Wing Chun favors the vertical punch for several reasons:
Directness. The punch is not “loaded” by pulling the elbow behind the body. The punch travels straight towards the target from the guard position (hands are held in front of the chest).
Protection. The elbow is kept low to cover the front midsection of the body. It is more difficult for an opponent to execute an elbow lock/break when the elbow occupies this position.
This aids in generating power by use of the entire body structure rather than only the arm to strike. Also with the elbow down, it offers less opening for the body to be attacked while the forearm and punch intercept space towards the head and upper body.
Strength and Impact.
The Role of The Elbow
Wing Chun practitioners believe that because the elbow is behind the fist during the strike, it is thereby supported by the strength of the entire body rather than just a swinging fist, and therefore has more impact.
A common analogy is a baseball bat being swung at someone’s head (a round-house punch), as opposed to the butt end of the bat being thrust forward into the opponent’s face (wing chun punch), which would cause far more damage than a glancing hit and is not as easy to evade.
Many skilled practitioners pride themselves on being able to generate “short power” or large amount of power in a short space. A common demonstration of this is the “one-inch punch”, a punch that starts only an inch away from the target yet delivers an explosive amount of force.
Alignment & Structure.
Because of Wing Chun’s usage of stance, the vertical punch is thus more suitable. The limb directly in front of the chest, elbow down, vertical nature of the punch allows a practitioner to absorb the rebound of the punch by directing it through the elbows and into the stance.
This is a desirable trait to a Wing Chun practitioner because it promotes use of the entire body structure to generate power. Whereas, the rebound of a horizontal punch uses only the arm to strike. In this elbow-out position the hinge-structure directs force outwards along the limb producing torque in the puncher’s body.
Kicks can be explicitly found in the Chum Kiu and Mook Jong forms, though some have made interpretations of small leg movements in the Siu Nim Tau and Bil Jee to contain information on kicking as well. Depending on lineage, a beginner is often introduced to basic kicking before learning the appropriate form. Traditionally, kicks are kept below the waist. This is characteristic of southern Chinese martial arts, in contrast to northern systems which utilize many high kicks.
Striking With The Heel
Variations on a front kick are performed striking with the heel. The body may be square and the knee and foot are vertical on contact (Chum Kiu), or a pivot may be involved with the foot and knee on a plane at an angle (Mook Jong). At short distances this can become a knee. A roundhouse kick is performed striking with the shin in a similar manner to the Muay Thai version with most of the power coming from the body pivot.
This kick is usually used as a finisher at closer range, targeting anywhere between the ribs and the back of the knee, this kick can also become a knee at close range. Other kicks include a stamping kick (Mook Jong) for very close range and a sweep performed with the heel in a circular fashion.
Every kick is both an attack and defence, with legs being used to check incoming kicks or to take the initiative in striking through before a more circular kick can land. Kicks are delivered in one movement directly from the stance without chambering/cocking.
Wing Chun techniques are uncommitted. This means that if the technique fails to connect, the practitioner’s position or balance is less affected. If the attack fails, the practitioner is able to “flow” easily into a follow-up attack. All Wing Chun techniques permit this.
Any punches or kicks can be strung together to form a “chain” of attacks. According to Wing Chun theory, these attacks, in contrast to one big attack, break down the opponent gradually causing internal damage. Chained vertical punches are a common Wing Chun identifier.
Trapping skills and sensitivity
The Wing Chun practitioner develops reflexes within the searching of unsecured defenses through use of sensitivity. Training through Chi Sao with a training partner, one practices the trapping of hands. When an opponent is “trapped”, he or she becomes immobile.
“Greet what arrives, escort what leaves and rush upon loss of contact(來留去送，甩手直衝)”- Ip Man
Wing Chun teaches practitioners to advance quickly and strike at close range. While the Wing Chun forward kick can be considered a long range technique, many Wing Chun practitioners practice “entry techniques”—getting past an opponent’s kicks and punches to bring them within range of Wing Chun’s close range repertoire. This means that theoretically, if the correct techniques are applied, a shorter person with a shorter range can defeat a larger person by getting inside their range and attacking them close to their body.
Forms are meditative, solitary exercises which develop self-awareness, balance, relaxation and sensitivity. Forms also train the practitioner in the fundamental movement and the correct force generation of Wing Chun.
San Sik (translated as Separate Forms) are compact in structure. They can be loosely grouped into three broad categories: 1) focus on building body structure through basic punching, standing, turning, and stepping drills; 2) fundamental arm cycles and changes, firmly ingraining the cardinal tools for interception and adaptation; and 3) sensitivity training and combination techniques.
It is from the forms and san sik that all Wing Chun techniques are derived. Depending on lineage, the focus, content and intent of each form can have distinct differences which can therefore have far reaching implications. This also means that there are a few different ideas concerning what constitutes progression in the curriculum from form to form, so only a general description of overlap between different schools of thought is possible here.
What’s commonly seen are six Wing Chun forms: three empty hand forms, one “wooden dummy” form, and two weapons forms.
Siu Nim Tao
The first, and most important form in Wing Chun, Siu Lim Tao, is the foundation or “seed” of the art from which all succeeding forms and techniques depend Fundamental rules of balance and body structure are developed here. Using a car analogy: for some branches this would provide the chassis, for others this is the engine. It serves basically as the alphabet for the system. Some branches view the symmetrical stance as the fundamental fighting stance, while others see it as more a training stance used in developing technique.
The second form, Chum Kiu, focuses on coordinated movement of bodymass and entry techniques to “bridge the gap” between practitioner and opponent and move in to disrupt their structure and balance. Close-range attacks using the elbows and knees are also developed here.
It also teaches methods of recovering position and centerline when in a compromised position where Siu Nim Tao structure has been lost. For some branches bodyweight in striking is a central theme, whether it be from pivoting (rotational) or stepping (translational).
Likewise for some branches, this form provides the engine to the car. For branches who use the “sinking bridge” interpretation, the form takes on more emphasis of an “uprooting” context adding multi-dimensional movement and spiraling to the already developed engine.
The third form, Biu Jee, is composed of extreme short-range and extreme long-range techniques, low kicks and sweeps, and “emergency techniques” to counter-attack when structure and center-line have been seriously compromised, such as when the practitioner is seriously injured.
As well as pivoting and stepping, developed in Chum Kiu, a third degree of freedom involving more upper body and stretching is developed for more power. Such movements include very close range elbow strikes and finger thrusts to the throat. For some branches this is the turbo-charger of the car.
For others it can be seen as a “pit stop” kit that should never come in to play, recovering your “engine” when it has been lost. Still other branches view this form as imparting deadly “killing” and maiming techniques that should never be used if you can help it.
A common wing chun saying is “Biu Jee doesn’t go out the door.” Some interpret this to mean the form should be kept secret, others interpret it as meaning it should never be used if you can help it. Either way it is a stupid saying.
The Muk Yan Jong form is performed against a “wooden dummy”, a thick wooden post with three arms and a leg mounted on a slightly springy frame representing a stationary human opponent. Although representative of a human opponent, the dummy is not a physical representation of a human, but an energetic one. Wooden dummy practice aims to refine a practitioner’s understanding of angles, positions, and footwork, and to develop full body power. It is here that the open hand forms are pieced together and understood as a whole.
Baat Jaam Do (Eight Chopping/Slashing Knives”)
A form involving a pair of large “Butterfly Knives”, slightly smaller than short swords (Dao). Historically the knives were also referred to as Dit Ming Do (“Life-Taking Knives”).
Luk Dim Boon Gwun, or “Six and A Half Point Pole”.
“Long Pole”— a tapered wooden pole ranging anywhere from 8 to 13 feet in length. Also referred to as “Dragon Pole” by some branches. For some branches that use “Six and A Half Point Pole”, their 7 principles of Luk Dim Boon Gwun(Tai-uprooting, lan-to expand, dim-shock, kit-deflect, got-cut down, wan-circle, lau-flowing) are used throughout the unarmed combat as well. The name six and a half point pole comes from these 7 principles, with the last principle:Lau, or Flowing counting as half a point.
Chi Sao (Chinese 黐手, or “sticking hands” is a term for the principle and drills used for the development of automatic reflexes upon contact and the idea of “sticking” to the opponent (also known as “sensitivity training”). In reality, the intention is not to “stick” to your opponent at all costs, but rather to protect your centerline while simultaneously attacking your opponent’s centerline.
In Wing Chun, this is practiced by two practitioners maintaining contact with each other’s forearms while executing techniques, thereby training each other to sense changes in body mechanics, pressure, momentum and “feel”. The increased sensitivity gained from this drill helps a practitioner attack and counter an opponent’s movements precisely, quickly, and with appropriate techniques.
Chi Sao additionally refers to methods of rolling hands drills (Luk Sao). Luk Sao participants push and “roll” their forearms against each other in a single circle while trying to remain in relaxed form. The aim is to feel force, test resistance, and find defensive gaps. Other branches have a version of this practice where each arm rolls in small, separate circles. Luk Sao is most notably taught within the Pan Nam branch of Wing Chun where both the larger rolling drills as well as the smaller, separate-hand circle drills are taught.
In some lineages (such as the Yip Man and Jiu Wan branches), Chi Sao drills begin with one-armed sets called Dan Chi Sao which help the novice student to get the feel of the exercise; each practitioner uses one hand from the same side as they face each other. Chi Sao is a sensitivity drill to train and obtain specific responses and should not be confused with actual sparring or fighting though it can be practiced or expressed in a combat form.
Chi Gerk or “Sticking-legs,” is the lower-body equivalent of the upper body’s Chi Sao training, aimed on developing awareness in the lower body and obtaining relaxation of the legs.
Karate is a martial art developed in the Ryukyu Islands in what is now Okinawa, Japan. It developed from the indigenous martial arts of Ryukyu Islands (called te (手?), literally “hand”; tii in Okinawan) under the influence of Chinese martial arts, particularly to that of the Fujian White Crane. Continue reading →
Kickboxing is a group of martial arts and stand-up combat sports based on kicking and punching, historically developed from karate, Muay Thai and Western boxing. Kickboxing is practiced for self-defense, general fitness, or as a contact sport. Training takes place on kickboxing mats predominantly.
kickboxing can be considered a hybrid martial art formed from the combination of elements of various traditional styles. This approach became increasingly popular since the 1970s, and since the 1990s, kickboxing has contributed to the emergence of mixed martial arts via further hybridisation with ground fighting techniques from Jujutsu and wrestling.
Governing Associations in Kickboxing
There is no single international governing body. International governing bodies include International Combat Organisation. Consequently, there is no single kickboxing world championship, and champion titles are issued by individual promotions, such as K-1. Bouts organised under different governing bodies apply different rules, such as allowing the use of knees or clinching, etc.
A lot of training would take place in a ring which helps the fighter acclimatise to the fighting environment. That said most kickboxing gyms are fitted out with kickboxing mats. Whilst kickboxers might call them kickboxing mats they are universally also known as puzzle mats. That is because they lock into each other like a jigsaw puzzle. That said kickboxing mats are an important addition to any gym.
The term kickboxing (キックボクシング) itself was introduced in the 1960s as a Japanese anglicism by Japanese boxing promoter Osamu Noguchi. It was a hybrid martial art combining Muay Thai and karate which he had introduced in 1958. The term was later also adopted by the American variant. Since there has been a lot of cross-fertilization between these styles, with many practitioners training or competing under the rules of more than one style, the history of the individual styles cannot be seen in isolation from one another.
The French term Boxe pieds-poings (literally “feet-fists-boxing”) is also used in the sense of “kickboxing” in the general meaning, including French boxing (savate) as well as American and Japanese kickboxing, Burmese and Thai boxing, any style of full contact karate, etc.
Since kickboxing is a broad term that can be used both in a wide and narrow sense, this can make understanding the history somewhat difficult. Some of the earliest forms of kickboxing included the various Indochinese martial arts especially muay boran, which developed into modern muay thai.
However in terms of modern competition, it was during the 1950s that a Japanese karateka named Tatsuo Yamada first established an outline of a new sport that combined karate and muay thai.
This was further explored during the early 1960s, when competitions between karate and muay thai began, which allowed for rule modifications to take place. By the middle of the decade the first true kickboxing events were being held in Osaka.
By the 1970s and 1980s the sport had expanded beyond Japan and had reached North America and Europe. It was during this time that many of the most prominentgoverning bodies were formed.
In Japan the sport was widely popular and was regularly broadcast on television before going into a dark period during the 1980s.
In North America the sport had unclear rules so kickboxing and full contact karate were essentially the same sport.
In Europe the sport found marginal success but did not thrive until the 1990s.
Since the 1990s the sport has been mostly dominated by the Japanese K-1 promotion, with some competition coming from other promotions and mostly pre-existing governing bodies.
On December 20, 1959, a Muay Thai among Thai fighters was held at Tokyo Asakusa town hall in Japan. Tatsuo Yamada, who established “Nihon Kempo Karate-do”, was interested in Muay Thai because he wanted to perform karate matches with full-contact rules since practitioners are not allowed to hit each other directly in karate matches.
At this time, it was unimaginable to hit each other in karate matches in Japan. He had already announced his plan which was named “The draft principles of project of establishment of a new sport and its industrialization” in November, 1959, and he proposed the tentative name of “karate-boxing” for this new sport. It is still unknown whether Thai fighters were invited by Yamada, but it is clear that Yamada was the only karateka who was really interested in Muay Thai.
There were “Karate vs. Muay Thai fights” February 12, 1963. The three karate fighters from Oyama dojo (kyokushin later) went to the Lumpinee Boxing Stadium in Thailand, and fought against three Muay Thai fighters. Japan won by 2–1: Tadashi Nakamura and Akio Fujihira both KOed opponents by punch while Kenji Kurosaki was KOed by elbow.
The main techniques of kickboxing is still derived from Japanese full contact karate (kyokushinkai). However, throwing and butting were allowed in the beginning to distinguish it from Muay Thai style. This was later repealed. The Kickboxing Association, the first kickboxing sanctioning body, was founded by Osamu Noguchi in 1966 soon after that. Then the first kickboxing event was held in Osaka on April 11, 1966.
Count Dante, Ray Scarica and Maung Gyi held the United States’ earliest cross-style full-contact style martial arts tournaments as early as 1962. Between 1970 and 1973 a handful of kickboxing promotions were staged across the USA. In the early days the rules were never clear, one of the first tournaments had no weight divisions and all the competitors fought off until one was left. During this early time, kickboxing and full contact karate are essentially the same sport.
The institutional separation of American full contact karate from kickboxing occurs with the formation of the Professional Karate Association (PKA) in 1974 and of the World Kickboxing Association (WKA) in 1976. The impact of the WKA on world martial arts as a whole was revolutionary. They were the first organised body of martial arts on a global scale to sanction fights, create ranking systems, and institute a development programme.
In the eighties, many fighters defected to the rival World Karate Association (WKA) because of the PKA’s policy of signing fighters to exclusive contracts; plus, the PKA sanctioned fights exclusively with what has become known as “full contact rules” which permit kicks only above the waist as opposed to the international rules advocated by the WKA which is similar to kickboxing promotions in Japan and other countries in Asia and Europe.
The International Kickboxing Federation (IKF) was founded in 1992. It is the most active kickboxing sanctioning body in North America and one of the top 3 worldwide organizations. The IKF also hosts the Largest All Amateur – Full Contact & Muay Thai – Kickboxing Tournament in the World, the IKF World Classic.
World Association of Kickboxing Organizations
American kickboxing was promulgated in Germany from its inception in the 1970s by Georg F. Bruckner, who in 1976 was co-founder of the World Association of Kickboxing Organizations. The term “kickboxing” as used in German-speaking Europe is therefore mostly synonymous with American kickboxing. The elbow and knee techniques allowed in Japanese kickboxing by contrast were associated with Muay Thai, and Japanese kickboxing went mostly unnoticed in German-speaking Europe before the launch of K-1 in 1993.
By contrast, in the Netherlands kickboxing was introduced in its Japanese form, by Jan Plas and Thom Harinck who founded NKBB (The Dutch Kickboxing Association) in 1976. Harinck also founded the MTBN (Dutch Muay Thai Association) in 1983, and the WMTA (World Muay Thai Association) and the EMTA (European Muay Thai Association) in 1984. The most prominent kickboxing gyms in Netherlands, Mejiro Gym, Chakuriki Gym and Golden Glory, were all derived from or were significantly influenced by Japanese kickboxing and kyokushin karate.
Dutch athletes have been very successful in the K-1 competitions. Out of the 18 K-1 World Grand Prix championship titles issued from 1993 to 2010, 15 went to Dutch participants (Peter Aerts, Ernesto Hoost, Remy Bonjasky, Semmy Schilt and Alistair Overeem). The remaining three titles were won by Branko Cikatić of Croatia in 1993,Andy Hug of Switzerland in 1996, and Mark Hunt of New Zealand in 2001.
Full contact rules, or American kickboxing, is essentially a mixture of Western boxing and traditional karate. The male kickboxers are bare-chested wearing kickboxing trousers and protective gear including: mouth-guard, hand-wraps, 10 oz (280 g). boxing gloves, groin-guard, shin-pads, kick-boots and protective helmet (for amateurs and those under 16). The female kickboxers will wear a sports bra and chest protection in addition to the male clothing/protective gear.
In addition, amateur rules often allow less experienced competitors to use light or semi-contact rules, where the intention is to score points by executing successful strikes past the opponent’s guard, and use of force is regulated. The equipment for semi-contact is similar to full-contact matches, usually with addition of headgear. Competitors usually dress in a t-shirt for semi-contact matches, to separate them from the bare-chested full-contact participants.
Notable fighters under full contact rules include Dennis Alexio, Joe Lewis, Rick Roufus, Jean-Yves Theriault, Benny Urquidez, Bill Wallace and Don “The Dragon” Wilson.
International rules, or freestyle rules (also know as Kickboxing in Europe, American Boxing in France and Low Kick in WAKO) , contrasts with full contact rules in that it allows also low kicks. The male kickboxers are bare-chested wearing kickboxing trousers or shorts and protective gear including: mouth-guard, hand-wraps, shin-wraps, 10 oz (280 g). boxing gloves and groin-guard. The female kickboxers will wear a sports bra and chest protection in addition to the male clothing/protective gear.
Notable fighters under international rules include Rick Roufus and Abraham Roqueñi.
Muay Thai, or Thai boxing, rules usually sees bouts contested over 5, 3 minute rounds and male fighters bare-chested wearing shorts and protective gear including: mouth-guard, hand-wraps, shin-wraps, 10 oz (280 g). boxing gloves, groin-guard and sometimes prajioud arm bands. The female Thaiboxers will wear a sports bra and chest protection in addition to the male clothing/protective gear.
Muay Thai is unique in that it is the only style of kickboxing that allows elbows, knees, clinch fighting,throws, sweeps and low kicks. Groin strikes were allowed until the 1980s in international Muay Thai and are still permitted in Thailand itself (though the boxers wear cups to lessen the impact). Kicking to mid-body and head are scored highly generating a large number of points on judges’ scorecards. Moreover, kicking is still judged highly even if the kick was blocked. In contrast, punching is worth fewer points.
Oriental rules, also known as Japanese kickboxing and K-1 rules, is a combat sport created by the Japanese boxing promoter Osamu Noguchi and Karate practitioner Tatsuo Yamada. It was the first combat sport that adopted the name of “kickboxing” in 1966, later termed “Japanese kickboxing” as a retronym. Oriental rules bouts were traditionally fought over 5, 3 minute rounds but 3 round bouts have since become popular since their inception in the K-1 promotion.
The male kickboxers are bare-chested wearing shorts (although trousers and karate gis have been worn) and protective gear including: mouth-guard, hand-wraps, shin-wraps, 10 oz (280 g). boxing gloves and groin-guard. The female kickboxers will wear a sports bra and chest protection in addition to the male clothing/protective gear.
Notable fighters under Oriental rules include Peter Aerts, Remy Bonjasky, Toshio Fujiwara, Ernesto Hoost, Albert Kraus, Masato, Giorgio Petrosyan, Tadashi Sawamuraand Semmy Schilt
Sanshou, or Sanda, is a form of kickboxing originally developed by the Chinese military based upon the study and practices of traditional Kung fu and modern combat fighting techniques; it combines traditional kickboxing, which include close range and rapid successive punches and kicks, with wrestling, takedowns, throws, sweeps, kick catches, and in some competitions, even elbow and knee strikes.
The male fighters are bare-chested wearing shorts and protective gear including: mouth-guard, hand-wraps, 10 oz (280 g). boxing gloves and groin-guard. The female kickboxers will wear a sports bra and chest protection in addition to the male clothing/protective gear.
Shoot boxing is a unique style of kickboxing popular in Japan that utilizes standing submissions such as chokeholds, armlocks and wristlocks in addition to kicks, punches,knees and throws. The male fighters are bare-chested wearing skin tight trousers and protective gear including: mouth-guard, hand-wraps, 10 oz (280 g). boxing gloves and groin-guard. The female kickboxers will wear a sports bra and chest protection in addition to the male clothing/protective gear.
What ever the style one thing is for certain. All of these different styles of kickboxing use kickboxing mats during training.
BJJ is a martial art, combat sport, and a self defense system that focuses on grappling and especially ground fighting. Brazilian jiu-jitsu was formed from early 20th century Kodokan Judo ground fighting (Ne-Waza) fundamentals that were taught to, Luiz França and Carlos Gracie by master Mitsuyo Maeda 前田 光世. Continue reading →